It leaves you feeling tired, worn down and out of breath. And no, we don’t mean a workout at the gym. We took a closer look at some of the common triggers of the energy-zapping condition that leaves millions around the world longing for their beds.
Heavy periods cause the loss of red blood cells, with women of reproductive age having an increased chance of iron deficiency anaemia compared to men and postmenopausal women.
Pregnant women commonly develop mild iron deficiency anaemia due to their bodies needing extra iron to provide oxygen, nutrients and blood supply to their baby.
- Pernicious anaemia.
The most common cause of vitamin B12 deficiency in the UK, this autoimmune condition stops the body from absorbing vitamin B12 from food.
- Inherited anaemia.
Some types of anaemia are genetic with some babies affected from birth. People with a family history of conditions like sickle cell anaemia, could have a greater risk of the condition.
People over age 65 have more chance of developing vitamin B12 deficiency and folate deficiency anaemia often due to poor diets and other medical conditions.
- A poor diet.
Over time, a diet that is constantly low in this essential mineral as well as vitamin B-12 and folate (vitamin B9) can increase your chances of developing anaemia.
Medicines can prevent the body from absorbing all the vitamins it needs. These include anticonvulsants and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) like aspirin or ibuprofen which can cause bleeding in the stomach.
- Bowel disease.
Conditions like Crohn’s disease, celiac disease and Ulcerative colitis can affect the absorption of nutrients in the digestive system, putting you at risk of anaemia.
- Chronic diseases.
Kidney disease and gastrointestinal cancer can lead to a shortage of red blood cells, leaving sufferers more likely to develop anaemia.
- Stomach ulcers.
Stomach ulcer can cause the stomach lining to bleed, draining the body’s store of iron.
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